Final Project Annotated Bibliography

Works Cited

Campbell, Amy. “Women and Sports.” Women, Sport, and Film Class, vol. 33, 2005, pp. 210–223. JSTOR [JSTOR],

This scholarly journal article was written to describe an academic film course created that talks about and watches films about female athletes and sports.  Bryan Mawr College out of Pennsylvania experimented with this and offered the class to its students.  One quote that really stood out to me was, “Sports films also provide a window into our culture, endorsing social values and norms.  Hoosiers, Rocky ,and Chariots of Five visit the themes of class, social roles, and gender- through the comfortable lens of men’s sports.  But what if we look at those same issues through the more critical lens of women’s sports?”  I thought this was a powerful and interesting way to pose such a controversial topic.

Gibbs, Lindsay. “The Dramatic Discrepancy in Coverage between the Men’s and Women’s NCAA Basketball Tournaments.” ThinkProgress, 3 Apr. 2017,

 This article provides statistical information and graphs that compare men’s and women’s basketball coverage during the NCAA Division 1 National Championship during March Madness.  The article looks at both the NCAA website and ESPN website.  The numbers that were found after examining both websites and the TV station were staggering especially considering the fact that the NCAA Division 1 National Championship is the most covered women’s basketball event.

“Harvard Law Review.” Cheering on Women and Girls in Sports: Using Title IX to Fight Gender Role Oppression, vol. 110, May 1997, pp. 1627–1644. JSTOR [JSTOR], doi:10.2307/1342183.

This is scholarly journal from the Harvard Law Review talks about the way female athletes and women’s sports are portrayed in the eyes of the Americans.  Women in athletics have been scrutinized with the idea that they are breaking the feminine norm and “for not confining themselves  to ‘feminine’ activities.”  This article also delves into this reality, “First, women’s sports continue to be minimized and trivialized by unequal media coverage and community support.”

Ottaway, Amanda. “Why Don’t People Watch Women’s Sports?” The Nation, 21 July 2016,

“Mainstream sports media outlets are essentially ‘mediated man-caves,’” said Dr. Cheryl Cooky, an associate professor of American studies at Purdue University. “It’s a space where men can go and know it’s going to be by, for, and about men,” is a quote from this article that illuminates the misconception about women’s sports from the male perspective.  In addition, this article states that women of color are less frequently covered in the media and about 70% of the WNBA consist of women of color.

Taibi, Catherine. “TV Ignores Women’s Sports Now More Than It Did 25 Years Ago.” The Huffington Post,, 8 June 2015,

I will use this article to help prove the fact that women’s basketball (and sports in general) are much less frequently covered than men’s basketball (and sports in general).  In fact, this article explains the study that University of Southern California did where they analyzed networks in Los Angeles to see the statistics on how often female athletes were covered.  They first started this study in 1989, and now, 25 years later, the numbers they received on female athletes/sports coverage in the news has dropped.  Even though interest and participation in female athletics has risen, the media has yet to keep up.